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6 Types of Overhead Cranes

Are you working with a Crane Overhead?

If so, what type is it? In this post we review the 6 types of overhead cranes, what they are used for, why use them and cost factors.

Knowing the difference between overhead cranes can do many things for your business. A well-chosen overhead crane can greatly improve productivity and efficiency in the workspace. There are numerous types of overhead cranes, such as gantry, jib, bridge, workstation, monorail, top-running, and under-running. This article offers a brief overview of each type so that you will know enough to choose which one is right for you and who to contact for help in getting it.

Gantry Crane

Gantry Crane

What is a gantry crane? 

A gantry crane is a type of overhead crane specifically designed to operate in outdoor or indoor settings. It uses a hoist and counterweight mounted on either side of an adjustable railway, which is why it is sometimes referred to as an "adjustable railroad". Gantry cranes are used for lifting and positioning heavy objects, including those too large for a regular crane to handle. They are also suitable for very long lifts, as the adjustable rails allow them to span larger distances than traditional overhead cranes.

Gantry Crane Uses

Gantry cranes are most commonly used for loading and unloading ships, as well as maneuvering heavy objects in factories and warehouses. They are also used in the construction industry to lift large pieces of equipment onto roofs or into basements. Additionally, gantry cranes can be deployed over a long-span area, to span multiple levels, or to provide access to hard-to-reach areas. Moreover, they can be customized to meet any lifting requirement - whether it is speed, capacity, reach or height.

Gantry Crane Cost

The cost of a gantry crane depends on several factors, including the size, design, and complexity of the crane. Generally speaking, a basic gantry crane without any complex features will be less expensive than an advanced system with multiple features. Additionally, the cost may be tailored to fit the specific needs of the user - such as modifications to support heavier loads or additional lifting capacity. Another factor in determining cost is installation; as cranes are fleeted together, it may require more time and resources for setup and maintenance. Ultimately, gantry cranes can offer great value for money since they are very efficient and reliable over long periods of time.

Jib Crane

Jib Cranes

What is a Jib crane?

Jib cranes are a type of overhead crane which is commonly used in industrial settings. They consist of a horizontal arm (jib) mounted on a vertical mast, and feature an electric hoist that can move along the jib. This allows for precise lifting of items and fast movement between applications.

Jib Crane Uses

Jib cranes are an invaluable tool in industrial settings. They are most commonly used for lifting and moving heavy objects, such as engines or large metal components. In warehouses, jib cranes can be used to quickly and safely load and unload materials onto trucks or other storage containers. In manufacturing environments, they aid with machine parts installation and provide a safe way to transfer materials between machines.

Jib cranes are also widely used in shipyards and ports to hoist cargo in and out of ships, as well as maintenance applications such as inspecting vessels on dry docks. Their ease of use makes them a great asset for many different industries, providing efficient and reliable lifting solutions over long periods of time.

Cost of Jib Cranes

The cost of a jib crane depends on the size and features of the system - with larger cranes costing more than smaller models due to their increased complexity. Other factors that influence cost include setup requirements (such as anchoring), installation labour, and modifications (for heavier load capacity). On the whole however, jib cranes offer great value for money since they provide efficient lifting solutions over long periods of time.

Bridge Crane

Bridge Cranes

What is a bridge crane?

A bridge crane is a type of overhead crane which is composed of parallel runways with a traveling bridge spanning the gap between them. The bridge carries a hoisting mechanism, usually electrically powered, which can be raised and lowered over the gap by means of an electric motor. This allows for precise lifting of items and fast movement between applications. Bridge cranes are commonly used in industrial settings for lifting and moving heavy objects such as engines or large metal components, as well as loading and unloading materials in warehouses.

Single Vs. Double Girder Bridge Crane

Single-girder bridge cranes are the most common type of bridge crane. They feature a single beam spanning the length of the crane, with two end trucks for mobility and support. These cranes offer greater flexibility since they have fewer restrictions on beam sizes and lengths. Double-girder bridge cranes are heavier duty and often used in industrial applications where heavier loads need to be lifted and moved. The design includes two beams that span the length of the crane, with four end trucks for added stability and strength. This type of crane is well suited to large, heavy loads or applications where frequent operation is required.

How are bridge cranes used?

Bridge cranes are typically used in industrial settings for lifting and moving heavy objects such as engines or large metal components. They can also be used to quickly and safely load and unload materials onto trucks or other storage containers in warehouses. In manufacturing environments, bridge cranes aid with machine parts installation and provide a safe way to transfer materials between machines. Bridge cranes are also widely used in shipyards and ports to hoist cargo in and out of ships, as well as maintenance applications such as inspecting vessels on dry docks.

Cost of Bridge Crane

The cost of a bridge crane can vary greatly depending on the size and type. Smaller bridge cranes may range from a few thousand dollars to tens of thousands for larger models. Specialty cranes, such as those designed for use in hazardous areas or with high-capacity lifting requirements, may be even more expensive. Installation and setup costs will also need to be taken into consideration, as well as any additional costs associated with powering the crane, such as electricity or compressed air lines.

Workstation Crane

Workstation Cranes

What is a workstation Crane?

Workstation cranes are designed to make lifting and moving heavy items or materials easier and safer. These cranes can be placed on the floor, mounted on walls, or suspended from ceilings. They can also be used in combination with other equipment such as jibs or hoists. Workstation cranes typically have a capacity up to 500 lbs, though larger models may be available for industrial applications. Typical features of workstation cranes include adjustable arms, variable speed control, adjustable height settings, and anti-collision systems.

How are workstation cranes used?

Workstation cranes are often used in warehouses, factories, and construction sites as they provide a safe way to move and lift large, bulky items. By using a workstation crane, workers can more easily transport heavier materials while avoiding the risks associated with manual lifting. They also help reduce strain on workers by providing a secure and reliable way to lift and move heavy objects. In addition, the adjustable arms of the crane allow for greater control when maneuvering items around corners or tight spaces.

Workstation crane costs.

The cost of a workstation crane can vary depending on the size and features included. Prices range from a few hundred dollars for basic models to several thousand dollars for complex cranes with additional features. It is also important to factor in the cost of installation and maintenance when budgeting for your workstation crane needs.

Monorail Crane

Monorail Cranes

What is a monorail crane?

A monorail crane is a type of overhead crane that consists of a single rail and hoist. It is typically used in warehouses, factories, and other industrial settings to help move heavy loads horizontally, vertically, and in circular motions. The single rail design allows for long distances between supports and helps provide an efficient means of moving bulky items around the floor. Monorail cranes can be operated manually, or motorized controls can be used if greater speed and accuracy are needed.

How are monorail cranes used?

Monorail cranes are typically used when large or heavy material needs to be moved across long distances. They often feature a motorized hoist that can travel along the single rail, making them ideal for transferring goods between different levels of a warehouse or factory. The motorized hoist can be operated by a remote control for added convenience and safety. Monorail cranes can also be used in industrial settings where precise movements are needed, such as welding shops, forging operations, and steel fabrication plants.

How much do monorail cranes cost?

The cost of a monorail crane will depend on the size and type of crane as well as any additional features or accessories that may be added. Generally speaking, monorail cranes can range in price from a few thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars depending on their specifications and the application they are intended for.

Top & Under-Running Crane

Top & Under-Running Cranes

What are Top & Under-Running Cranes?

Top and under-running cranes are a type of overhead crane that have both a top running rail and an under-running rail. The hoist runs on the top running rail and the trolley typically runs on the under-running rail. The design allows for greater flexibility and maneuverability than single-rail designs, making them ideal for applications where precise movements are needed. Top and under running cranes are generally more expensive than single-rail designs but offer greater versatility and safety features.

How are they used?

Top and under-running cranes are commonly used in industrial applications where precise movements are required, such as material handling, manufacturing, and assembly. They can also be found in warehouses, maintenance areas, and production lines. The ability to rotate the bridge within confines of the overhead track makes top-running cranes ideal for heavy lifting in tight places or limited spaces. In addition, the multiple rails provide support for horizontal movement which is particularly useful when transferring or stacking heavier items at height.

Cost

Top and under-running cranes are generally more expensive than single-rail designs due to the additional cost for multiple runways and support beams. The overall cost of the crane also depends on the size, capacity, duty cycle, and features such as motorized control systems. Additional costs may include installation and maintenance fees.

Conclusion

After understanding the basics of overhead cranes, you'll need to decide what crane is best for your business needs. With so many models and features, it's hard to know how much each crane will cost in the long term and if it'll be worth the investment. That's why it's important to speak with a professional who understands the different types of cranes available. Once you have chosen the right crane for your needs AP Crane Training can provide crane operator training solutions to make sure your team is ready to get certified.

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